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State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting

Low-income young children with a
parent employed full-time, 2013


  • Provide option to extend Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women [2015]2
    Eligibility based on income up to 200% FPL, includes men and individuals younger than 19 years of age.
  • Exempt single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1. [FY 2013]3
    The exemption is limited to 12 cumulative months in the recipient's lifetime.
  • Reduce the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY 2013]3

State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security

Education levels of mothers with young
children, 2013


Maximum annual TANF benefit for a
family of 3, for year 2013


  • Established a state minimum wage that meets or exceeds $9.10/hr and is indexed to inflation [2014]4
  • Exempt single-parent families of three below the poverty level from personal income tax. [2013]5
  • Offer a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit. [2014]6
  • Offer a refundable state dependent care tax credit. [2014]7
    WA does not have a Child and Dependent Care Tax credit.
  • Keep copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL [2015]8
  • Offer exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6. [FY 2013]3
  • Has paid family leave for a minimum of 6 weeks with full or partial replacement of wages [2013]9
    The Washington Family and Medical Leave Insurance Act, passed in 2007, and which established a paid family leave insurance program was never implemented and has been indefinitely postponed by subsequent legislation.

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

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  1. National data were calculated from the 2011 American Community Survey, representing information from 2011. State data were calculated from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2009 to 2011.
  2. Guttmacher Institute. 2015. State Policies in Brief: Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. Http:// (accessed March 24, 2015).
  3. Huber, Erika; Kassabian, David; Cohen, Elissa. 2014. Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2013. OPRE Report 2013-27. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. H (accessed March 24, 2015).
  4. The following states have passed laws to increase their minimum wage above $9.10 per hour in the coming years: California (in 2016), Connecticut (in 2015), Hawaii (in 2017), Maryland (in 2017), Massachusetts (in 2016), Michigan (in 2018), and Vermont (in 2015). National Conference of State Legislatures. 2014. State minimum wages: 2014 minimum wages by state. Washington, DC: NCSL. Http:// (accessed August 28, 2014).
  5. National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), 50-State Policy Tracker. 2013. 50-State Data, Income Tax Liability. (accessed September 3, 2015)
  6. Tax Credits for Working Families. 2014. States with EITCs . Http:// (accessed September 2, 2014).
  7. National Women's Law Center. 2014. 2014 Supplement to Making Care Less Taxing, Improving State Child and Dependent Care Tax Provisions. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. Http:// (accessed March 24, 2015).
  8. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2015. Building Blocks State Child Care Assistance Policies 2015. National Women's Law Center. Http:// (accessed November 11, 2015). Families not eligible at 150% FPL for the following states: AL, AR, GA, ID, IA, KY, MD, MI, MT, NE and NV.
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures. 2013. State Family Medical Leave and Parental Leave Laws. Washington, DC: NCSL. (accessed April 10, 2014).