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State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting

Low-income young children with a
parent employed full-time, 2014

Source1

  • Provide option to extend Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women [2016]2
    Eligibility based on income up to 250% FPL, includes men and individuals younger than 19 years of age. The state also extends eligibility for women losing coverage postpartum.
  • Exempt single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1. [FY2014]3
    Parent must return to work when child is 12 months. Exemption limited to 12 cumulative months in the recipient's lifetime.
  • Reduce the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY2014]3
    Required to work 32 hours.

State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security

Education levels of mothers with young
children, 2014

Source1

Maximum annual TANF benefit for a
family of 3, for FY2014

Source3

  • Established a state minimum wage that meets or exceeds $9.10/hr and is indexed to inflation [2016]4
    $9.47
  • Exempt single-parent families of three below the poverty level from personal income tax. [2013]5
  • Offer a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit. [2015]6
    Washington's EITC has never been implemented, but would likely be refundable and worth 10% of the federal credit or $50, whichever is greater.
  • Offer a refundable state dependent care tax credit. [2014]7
    WA does not have a Child and Dependent Care Tax credit.
  • Keep copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL [2015]8
  • Offer exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6. [FY2014]3
  • Has paid family leave for a minimum of 6 weeks with full or partial replacement of wages [2014]9
  

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

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  1. National data were calculated from the 2014 American Community Survey, representing information from 2014. State data were calculated from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2010 to 2014.
  2. Guttmacher Institute. 2016. State Policies in Brief: Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. Https://www.guttmacher.org (accessed February 18, 2016).
  3. Huber, Erika; Cohen, Elissa; Briggs, Amanda; and Kassabian, David. 2015. Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2014. OPRE Report 2015-81. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Http://www.acf.hhs.gov (accessed March 3, 2016).
  4. National Conference of State Legislatures. 2016. State minimum wages: 2016 minimum wages by state. Washington, DC: NCSL. Http://www.ncsl.org (accessed February 18, 2016).
  5. National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), 50-State Policy Tracker. 2013. 50-State Data, Income Tax Liability. http://nccp.org (accessed September 3, 2015)
  6. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. 2016. States Can Adopt or Expand Earned Income Tax Credits to Build a Stronger Future Economy: State Earned Income Tax Credits, 2015. Http://www.cbpp.org (accessed March 3, 2016).
  7. National Women's Law Center. 2014. 2014 Supplement to Making Care Less Taxing, Improving State Child and Dependent Care Tax Provisions. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. Http://www.nwlc.org (accessed March 24, 2015).
  8. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2015. Building Blocks State Child Care Assistance Policies 2015. National Women's Law Center. Http://www.nwlc.org (accessed November 11, 2015). Families not eligible at 150% FPL for the following states: AL, AR, GA, ID, IA, KY, MD, MI, MT, NE and NV.
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures. 2014. State Family Medical Leave and Parental Leave Laws. Washington, DC: NCSL. Http://www.ncsl.org (accessed March 3, 2016).