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Early Childhood Profile

Early Care and EducationParenting and Economic Supports 

State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting

Low-income young children with a
parent employed full-time, 2012

Low-income young children with a parent employed full-time, 20121

  • Provide option to extend Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women [2014]2
    Eligibility based on income up to 200% FPL, includes men.
  • Exempt single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1. [FY 2012]3
    The exemption is limited to 12 cumulative months in the recipient's lifetime.
  • Reduce the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY 2012]3
    Required to work 32 hours.

State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security

Education levels of mothers with young children, 2012

Education levels of mothers with young children, 20121

Maximum annual TANF benefit for a family of 3, for year 2011

Maximum annual TANF benefit for a family of 3, for year 20113

  • Established a state minimum wage that meets or exceeds $9.10/hr and is indexed to inflation [2014]4
  • Exempt single-parent families of three below the poverty level from personal income tax. [2012]5
    No state income tax
  • Offer a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit. [2012]6
    10% (or $50) of federal Earned Income Tax Credit.
  • Offer a refundable state dependent care tax credit. [2013]7
    WA does not have a Child and Dependent Care Tax credit.
  • Keep copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL [2013]8
  • Offer exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6. [FY 2012]3
  • Has paid family leave for a minimum of 6 weeks with full or partial replacement of wages [2013]9
    The Washington Family and Medical Leave Insurance Act, passed in 2007, and which established a paid family leave insurance program was never implemented and has been indefinitely postponed by subsequent legislation.

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: June 4, 2014

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. National data were calculated from the 2012 American Community Survey, representing information from 2012. State data were calculated from the 2010-2012 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2010 to 2012.
  2. Guttmacher Institute. 2014. State Policies in Brief: Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. (accessed April 10, 2014).
  3. Kassabian, David; Huber, Erika; Cohen, Elissa; Giannarelli, Linda. 2013. Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2012. OPRE Report 2013-27. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (accessed April 7, 2014).
  4. Note: A parent working full-time with two children under age 18 needs to earn at least $9.10 per hour in order to live above the United States Census Bureau's 2013 poverty threshold of $18,769.
    U.S. Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration. 2014. Minimum Wage Laws in the States, January 2014. (accessed April 8, 2014).
  5. Oliff, Phil; Mai, Chris and Johnson, Nicholas. 2012. The Impact of State Income Taxes on Low-Income Families in 2011. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (accessed February 4, 2013).
  6. State EITC Programs, 2012. Community Resources Information, Inc. website. (accessed August 14, 2013).
  7. National Women's Law Center. 2013. 2013 Supplement to Making Care Less Taxing, Improving State Child and Dependent Care Tax Provisions. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. (accessed August 14, 2013).
  8. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2013. Pivot Point: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2013. National Women's Law Center. (accessed April 2, 2014).
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures. 2013. State Family Medical Leave and Parental Leave Laws. Washington, DC: NCSL. (accessed April 10, 2014).