|Early Care and Education||Parenting and Economic Supports|
State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting
- Provide option to extend Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women 2
Eligibility based on income up to 200% FPL, includes men.
- Exempt single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1. [FY 2012]3
The exemption is limited to 12 cumulative months in the recipient's lifetime.
- Reduce the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY 2012]3
Required to work 32 hours.
State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security
- Established a state minimum wage that meets or exceeds $9.10/hr and is indexed to inflation 4
- Exempt single-parent families of three below the poverty level from personal income tax. 5
No state income tax
- Offer a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit. 6
10% (or $50) of federal Earned Income Tax Credit.
- Offer a refundable state dependent care tax credit. 7
WA does not have a Child and Dependent Care Tax credit.
- Keep copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL 8
- Offer exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6. [FY 2012]3
- Has paid family leave for a minimum of 6 weeks with full or partial replacement of wages 9
The Washington Family and Medical Leave Insurance Act, passed in 2007, and which established a paid family leave insurance program was never implemented and has been indefinitely postponed by subsequent legislation.
Data Notes and Sources
Last Updated: June 4, 2014
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- National data were calculated from the 2012 American Community Survey, representing information from 2012. State data were calculated from the 2010-2012 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2010 to 2012.
- Guttmacher Institute. 2014. State Policies in Brief: Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. http://www.guttmacher.org (accessed April 10, 2014).
- Kassabian, David; Huber, Erika; Cohen, Elissa; Giannarelli, Linda. 2013. Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2012. OPRE Report 2013-27. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://anfdata.urban.org (accessed April 7, 2014).
- Note: A parent working full-time with two children under age 18 needs to earn at least $9.10 per hour in order to live above the United States Census Bureau's 2013 poverty threshold of $18,769.
U.S. Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration. 2014. Minimum Wage Laws in the States, January 2014. http://www.dol.gov (accessed April 8, 2014).
- Oliff, Phil; Mai, Chris and Johnson, Nicholas. 2012. The Impact of State Income Taxes on Low-Income Families in 2011. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. http://www.cbpp.org (accessed February 4, 2013).
- State EITC Programs, TaxCreditResources.org. 2012. Community Resources Information, Inc. website. http://www.taxcreditresources.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
- National Women's Law Center. 2013. 2013 Supplement to Making Care Less Taxing, Improving State Child and Dependent Care Tax Provisions. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
- Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2013. Pivot Point: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2013. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed April 2, 2014).
- National Conference of State Legislatures. 2013. State Family Medical Leave and Parental Leave Laws. Washington, DC: NCSL. http://www.ncsl.org (accessed April 10, 2014).