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Early Childhood Profile

Early Care and EducationParenting and Economic Supports 

State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting

Low-income young children with a
parent employed full-time, 2011

Low-income young children with a parent employed full-time, 20111

  • Provide option to extend Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women [2013]2
    Eligibility based on income up to 200% FPL, includes men.
  • Exempt single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1. [FY 2011]3
    Parent must return to work when child is 12 months. The exemption is limited to 12 cumulative months in the recipient's lifetime.
  • Reduce the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY 2011]3
    Required to work 32 hours.

State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security

Education levels of mothers with young children, 2011

Education levels of mothers with young children, 20111

Maximum annual TANF benefit for a family of 3, for year 2011

Maximum annual TANF benefit for a family of 3, for year 20113

  • Establish a state minimum wage that exceeds the federal minimum wage ($7.25/hr). [2013]4
    $9.19
  • Exempt single-parent families of three below the poverty level from personal income tax. [2012]5
    No state income tax
  • Offer a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit. [2012]6
    10% (or $50) of federal Earned Income Tax Credit.
  • Offer a refundable state dependent care tax credit. [2013]7
    WA does not have a Child and Dependent Care Tax credit.
  • Keep copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL [2012]8
  • Offer exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6. [FY 2011]3
  

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: September 16, 2013

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. National data were calculated from the 2011 American Community Survey, representing information from 2011. State data were calculated from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2009 to 2011.
  2. Guttmacher Institute. 2013. State Policies in Brief: State Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. http://www.guttmacher.org (accessed February 6, 2013).
  3. Kassabian, David; Whitesell, Anne and Huber, Erika. 2012. Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2011. The Urban Institute. http://www.urban.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
  4. U.S. Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration. 2013. Minimum Wage Laws in the States, January 2013. http://www.dol.gov (accessed February 4, 2013).
  5. Oliff, Phil; Mai, Chris and Johnson, Nicholas. 2012. The Impact of State Income Taxes on Low-Income Families in 2011. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. http://www.cbpp.org (accessed February 4, 2013).
  6. State EITC Programs, TaxCreditResources.org. 2012. Community Resources Information, Inc. website. http://www.taxcreditresources.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
  7. National Women's Law Center. 2013. 2013 Supplement to Making Care Less Taxing, Improving State Child and Dependent Care Tax Provisions. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
  8. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2012. Downward Slide: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2012. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed February 1, 2013).