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State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting

Low-income young children with a
parent employed full-time, 2014


  • Provide option to extend Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women [2016]2
    Eligibility based on income up to 250% FPL, includes men and individuals younger than 19 years of age. The state also extends eligibility for women losing coverage postpartum.
  • Exempt single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1. [FY2014]3
    Parent must return to work when child is 12 months. Exemption limited to 12 cumulative months in the recipient's lifetime.
  • Reduce the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY2014]3
    Required to work 32 hours.

State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security

Education levels of mothers with young
children, 2014


Maximum annual TANF benefit for a
family of 3, for FY2014


  • Established a state minimum wage that meets or exceeds $9.10/hr and is indexed to inflation [2016]4
  • Exempt single-parent families of three below the poverty level from personal income tax. [2013]5
  • Offer a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit. [2015]6
    Washington's EITC has never been implemented, but would likely be refundable and worth 10% of the federal credit or $50, whichever is greater.
  • Offer a refundable state dependent care tax credit. [2014]7
    WA does not have a Child and Dependent Care Tax credit.
  • Keep copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL [2015]8
  • Offer exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6. [FY2014]3
  • Has paid family leave for a minimum of 6 weeks with full or partial replacement of wages [2014]9

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. National data were calculated from the 2014 American Community Survey, representing information from 2014. State data were calculated from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2010 to 2014.
  2. Guttmacher Institute. 2016. State Policies in Brief: Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. Https:// (accessed February 18, 2016).
  3. Huber, Erika; Cohen, Elissa; Briggs, Amanda; and Kassabian, David. 2015. Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2014. OPRE Report 2015-81. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Http:// (accessed March 3, 2016).
  4. National Conference of State Legislatures. 2016. State minimum wages: 2016 minimum wages by state. Washington, DC: NCSL. Http:// (accessed February 18, 2016).
  5. National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), 50-State Policy Tracker. 2013. 50-State Data, Income Tax Liability. (accessed September 3, 2015)
  6. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. 2016. States Can Adopt or Expand Earned Income Tax Credits to Build a Stronger Future Economy: State Earned Income Tax Credits, 2015. Http:// (accessed March 3, 2016).
  7. National Women's Law Center. 2014. 2014 Supplement to Making Care Less Taxing, Improving State Child and Dependent Care Tax Provisions. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. Http:// (accessed March 24, 2015).
  8. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2015. Building Blocks State Child Care Assistance Policies 2015. National Women's Law Center. Http:// (accessed November 11, 2015). Families not eligible at 150% FPL for the following states: AL, AR, GA, ID, IA, KY, MD, MI, MT, NE and NV.
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures. 2014. State Family Medical Leave and Parental Leave Laws. Washington, DC: NCSL. Http:// (accessed March 3, 2016).