Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting

Low-income young children with a
parent employed full-time, 2016

Source1

  • Extends Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women [2018]2
    Vermont operates an entirely state-funded program that provides family planning services to any individual with an income up to 200% FPL.
  • Exempts single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1 [FY 2016]3
    This exemption is limited to 24 months in a recipient's lifetime. In addition, recipients may be exempt for 13 weeks following the birth of each additional child.
  • Reduces the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY 2016]3

State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security

Education levels of mothers with young
children, 2016

Source1

Maximum annual TANF benefit for a
family of three, for FY 2016

Source3

  • Established a state minimum wage that meets or exceeds $9.10/hr and is indexed to inflation [2016]4
    $9.60
  • Exempts single-parent families of three below the federal poverty level from personal income tax [2014]5
  • Offers a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit [2016]6
    32% of federal Earned Income Tax Credit.
  • Offers a refundable state dependent care tax credit [FY 2016]7
    Under Vermont Low-income Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit, the maximum refundable credit is $ 1,050. Only expenses incurred in child care facilities that are either nationally accredited or rated three or more stars on Vermont's STARS quality rating system may be claimed for this credit. Under Vermont Tax Credit for Child and Dependent Care Expenses, the maximum nonrefundable credit is $504. Eligible tax files may claim either tax credit, but not both.
  • Keeps copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL [2015]8
    Copayments set at 10% of income.
  • Offers exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6 [FY 2016]3
    Time limit exemptions and extensions are offered to parents caring for a child under 24 months of age.
  • Has paid family leave for a minimum of 6 weeks with partial replacement of wages [2016]9
  

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. National data were calculated from the 2015 American Community Survey, representing information from 2015. State data were calculated from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2011-2015.
  2. Guttmacher Institute. (2018). Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. Https://www.guttmacher.org (accessed January 3, 2018).
  3. Giannarelli, L., Heffernan, C., Minton, S., Thompson, M., & Stevens, K. (2017). Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2016. OPRE Report 2017-82. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.acf.hhs.gov (accessed December 19, 2017).
  4. National Conference of State Legislatures. (2016). State minimum wages: 2016 minimum wages by state. Washington, DC: National Conference of State Legislatures. http://www.ncsl.org (accessed February 18, 2016).
  5. National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), 50-State Policy Tracker. (2014) 50-State Data, Income Tax Liability. http://nccp.org (accessed June 23, 2017).
  6. Williams, E. (2017). States Can Adopt or Expand Earned Income Tax Credits to Build a Stronger Future Economy: State Earned Income Tax Credits, 2016. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. https://www.cbpp.org (accessed June 23, 2017).
  7. National Women's Law Center. (2017). State Child Care and Dependent Care, Tax Provisions, Tax Year 2016. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. https://nwlc.org (accessed December 19, 2017).
  8. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2015. Building Blocks State Child Care Assistance Policies 2015. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed November 11, 2015).
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures. (2016). State Family Medical Leave and Parental Leave Laws. Washington, DC: National Conference of State Legislatures. Http://www.ncsl.org (accessed November 28, 2016).