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State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting

Low-income young children with a
parent employed full-time, 2015


  • Extends Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women [2017]2
  • Exempts single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1 [FY 2015]3
  • Reduces the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY 2015]3

State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security

Education levels of mothers with young
children, 2015


Maximum annual TANF benefit for a
family of three, for FY 2015


  • Established a state minimum wage that meets or exceeds $9.10/hr and is indexed to inflation [2016]4
  • Exempts single-parent families of three below the federal poverty level from personal income tax [2014]5
  • Offers a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit [2016]6
    40% of federal Earned Income Tax Credit. For adults without dependent children with incomes up to twice the poverty line for an individual, D.C. offers a refundable credit equal to 100% of the federal EITC.
  • Offers a refundable state dependent care tax credit [FY 2015]7
    Under the District of Columbia Tax Credit for Child and Dependent Care Expenses, the maximum nonrefundable credit is $672.
  • Keeps copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL [2015]8
  • Offers exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6 [FY 2015]3
    Time limit extensions are offered to parents caring for a child under 12 months of age and women who are in month 4 or later of pregnancy.
  • Has paid family leave for a minimum of 6 weeks with partial replacement of wages [2016]9

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

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  1. National data were calculated from the 2011 American Community Survey, representing information from 2011. State data were calculated from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2009 to 2011.
  2. Guttmacher Institute. (2017). State Policies in Brief: Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. (accessed February 8, 2017).
  3. Cohen, E., Minton, S., Thompson, M., Crowe, E., & Giannarelli, L. (2016). Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2015. OPRE Report 2016-67. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (accessed December 7, 2016).
  4. National Conference of State Legislatures. (2016). State minimum wages: 2016 minimum wages by state. Washington, DC: National Conference of State Legislatures. (accessed February 18, 2016).
  5. National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), 50-State Policy Tracker. (2014) 50-State Data, Income Tax Liability. June 23, 2017).
  6. Williams, E. (2017). States Can Adopt or Expand Earned Income Tax Credits to Build a Stronger Future Economy: State Earned Income Tax Credits, 2016. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (accessed June 23, 2017).
  7. National Women's Law Center. 2016. State Child Care and Dependent Care, Tax Provisions, Tax Year 2015. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. (accessed December 6, 2016).
  8. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2015. Building Blocks State Child Care Assistance Policies 2015. National Women's Law Center. (accessed November 11, 2015).
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures. (2016). State Family Medical Leave and Parental Leave Laws. Washington, DC: National Conference of State Legislatures. Http:// (accessed November 28, 2016).